Wolfs Fang, Fox's Tail

        "War is war. Guns are not just for decoration."
—V.I. Lenin

By March 1920, Russia's whites—an odd and disparate conglomeration of monarchists, anti-Bolshevik socialists, jaded liberals, reactionary clerics, frightened nobles, disinherited landowners, and loyalist army officers and soldiers—had turned what looked like certain victory over the Reds into an ignominious defeat. Disconsolate and grim, the remnants of Denikin's Russian Volunteer Army of the South loaded themselves into ships at the port of Novorossisk, bound for the Crimea, the last fragment of the once-mighty empire that remained a refuge for the Whites. Torn by dissension from within—with monarchists hating the anti-Bolshevik socialists (whom they partly blamed for the chaos that had ensued in Russia after the February 1917 revolution) as much as they hated the Reds who had successfully engineered the "Great October Revolution," and with liberals distrusting both—the Kolchak White dictatorship had collapsed in Siberia and Iudenich's motley army had disintegrated in the north. The Western Allies, disenchanted with the disarray, corruption, and incompetence of the Whites, were abandoning the struggle, gradually withdrawing support to the still-intact Army of the South. As late as 1919, the White armies, never effectively united, much less coordinated, in action,...

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