Cultural Revolutions

Toughening Your Position

South Africa's March 17 referendum led the government to toughen its position against the ANC. Within a month after the results, Mr. de Klerk got the ANC at the Convention for a Democratic South Africa (CODESA) to agree to the election of a transitional; government, the interim government the ANC had wanted appointed. The ANC had wanted CODESA (whose' name echoes the Congress of Democrats—God—a front organization founded in 1953 by the South African Communist Party after its banning in 1950) to mask the transfer of power to itself. The government was able to win : this concession not only because of its two-to-one victory at the referendum, but because Mangosuthu Buthelezi and the Zulu organization, Inkatha, had insisted at CODESA on an elected interim government. The government frequently suspected of private deals with I the ANC owes whatever strength this I victory shows to the Zulus, who also insisted that no elections for a transitional government occur before the ANC renounces violence unequivocally, another demand the government adopted more or less at the time it demanded an elected transitional government. It also demanded that the ANC transform itself into a political party, and that it lend its support to the creation of conditions for free and fair elections without coercion or interference. These demands presuppose a fundamental change of heart in the ANC, a change the government thinks possible because it believes...

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