Sheep in Sheep's Clothing
of which u ere national poHtical parties.\r\nBeeansc American parties are always\r\ncoalitions, obtaining national political\r\npower rec|uires enlarging the issues over\r\nwhich the parties fight, histead of pushing\r\npolideal discourse downward, parties\r\nmove issues up to the uncontrollable\r\nstage of national polities. Calhoun's associates\r\nin the Southern states'-rights mo\\cnicnt\r\nfell into a similar trap. While\r\nclaiming the United States was a compilation\r\nof many communities within a federal\r\nsjstern, tliey assumed the states existed\r\nas homogenous wholes. Eventually,\r\nthey came to view sectionalism as the\r\nheart of national i.ssues.\r\nCalhoun stood apart from his contemporaries,\r\nhearkening back to the Jeffersonian\r\ntradition. Like Jefferson, John Randolph,\r\nand John Taylor, Calhoun blamed\r\nmost of the country's nahonal problems\r\nnot entirely on sectionalism, but on the\r\nconflict betvyeen tlie great body of producers\r\nand on minorihes using political\r\npower at the majoriK's expense. Thomas\r\nJefferson nexer assumed that ever}one in\r\nthe iS'orth stood against his brand of republicanism,\r\nand neither did Calhoun.\r\nBoth men beliexed the culprit to be misguided\r\npart)' leaders. The nationalist fervor\r\nand thrill of parh- politics, whether under\r\nJohn Adams' Federalists or Henry\r\nCla\\''s Whigs, acted as a "flight from principles"\r\nrather than a rational means of political\r\ndiscernment. As Calhoun declared\r\nin 1841,\r\nIt...
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