Cultural Revolutions

Consistent Sponsers

Terrorism, in our time, has found one of its most consistent sponsors in Pakistan.  This fact is so simple it could be taught in fourth-grade geography; only the names are difficult.

In December 1999, in Kashmir, India, an Indian Airlines aircraft was hijacked by several Pakistan-based groups—Harkat-ul-Mujahedin (HUM), Lashkar-e-Toib, and Hizbul Mujahideen—demanding the release of their confederates from Indian prisons.  The hijackers called themselves the “united front.”

The first group, HUM, was formed in Punjab, Pakistan, in the early 1980s.  Undergoing a couple of name changes when it was briefly outlawed, it has stayed on message with kidnappings, hijackings, and ambushes, loosely but adequately described on the unorthodox travel web- site www.comebackalive.com: “HUA is the main recruiter and trainer (with help from the Pakistani Secret Service) of young Kashmiris and out-of-work muhajedin [sic] from Pakistan.  If you are looking for muhajedin [sic] time to add to your resume [sic], they will train you for five weeks in the dark arts of light weapons, land mines, booby traps and covert operations and then send you marching over the mountains to raise havoc in Indian-occupied Kashmir.  The group is also known for sending eager fighters into Bosnia (all gone home now), Tajikistan (Tajik resistance), Myanmar . . . They have become...

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