\\ou li\\'e.\r\nCalhoun found a lack of restraint in\r\n\\arious places, but nowhere more than in\r\nthe demagogic st)'lc of politics popular in\r\nniid-19th-centur\\'Aiuerica, as polihcians\r\nencouraged Americans to sacrifice their\r\npersonal and communal interests to an\r\nabstract union and abstract rights. Calhoun\r\ndeplored the prospect of the United\r\nStates becoming an undifferenriated\r\nmass or a nation composed of millions of\r\nself-contained individuals. Both extremes,\r\nhe thought, must be moderated\r\nb\\' popular rule.\r\nCheek explains Calhoim's understanding\r\nof popular rule through an important\r\ninstance in then-Vice President\r\nCalhoun's career. Presiding over a bitter\r\nsenatorial contest involving John Randolph\r\nof Roanoke, Calhoun refused to\r\ncall Randolph to order during a speech\r\ndeemed derogator\\ of President John\r\nOuincv Adams. When adiuinistration\r\nforces attacked Calhoun in the public\r\npress, he replied witli a series of newspaper\r\narticles written under the pseudonvni\r\n"Onslow." Calhoun argued that his posihon\r\nas president of the Senate did not in-\r\n\\()l\\e an\\ intrinsic power â€”onl\\' that\r\nwhich the Senate expresslv delegated.\r\nHis opponent, using the name "Patrick\r\nHenrv," argued that a source of power\r\nmust possess any and all means necessary\r\nfor its self-preservation. Calhoun believed\r\nsuch reasoning denied the people\r\nof their continuing possession of legitimate\r\npower. But when "Patrick Henrv"\r\nwrote...
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