Lee Congdon

Lee Congdon is a professor of history at James Madison University.

Latest by Lee Congdon in Chronicles

Results: 15 Articles found.
  • Solzhenitsyn and the Religion of Revolution
    August 2021

    Solzhenitsyn and the Religion of Revolution

    At the heart of fascism, national socialism, communism, and democracy is the religion of revolution.

    Read More
  • Remembering Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
    December 2020

    Remembering Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

    Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn recognized that the problems confronting Russians, indeed all men, were fundamentally spiritual, not political, in nature. No political system, therefore, could provide a solution to them, and that included democracy.

    Read More
  • The Aesthetics of Hate
    April 1985

    The Aesthetics of Hate

    Of Marx's numerous ex cathedra pronouncements, none has pre­sented a greater hermeneutical chal­lenge to the faithful than the assertion that life is not determined by con­sciousness, but consciousness by life. It seemed to follow as a consequence that men could not, by acts of their will, create a new world. The classless society would be realized only as the final outcome of the logic of econom­ic, and hence social, development.

    Read More
  • Freedom Is Slavery
    July 1992

    Freedom Is Slavery

    In a recent and provocative essay, Paul Gottfried described Eugene D. Genovese as a "hero of paleoconservative intellectuals." No doubt this declaration qualified as news in some circles, for the distinguished historian of the American South has always worked within the Marxist tradition.

    Read More
  • January 1990


    In a spate of recent books, neoconservatives have rehearsed the drama of their radicalization and subsequent deradicalization. Typically the curtain rises on their active participation in, or engaged sympathy for, leftist movements of the 1960's, and falls after they have regained their equilibrium and embraced liberal democracy.

    Read More
  • June 1989

    Roots of Radicalism

    Magisterial works of history are almost always informed by a tragic sense of life. Some recall epochal transformations that were as lamentable as they were inescapable. Still others dramatize the clash of two valid, but irreconcilable, principles.

    Read More
  • October 1988

    Caudillo and Generalissimo

    Not long before his death on November 20, 1975, Francisco Franco asked a young aide if he thought Spain's future was "inevitably democratic." On receiving an affirmative reply, he gazed sadly into the distance and said no more.

    Read More
  • The War Against the West
    September 1986

    The War Against the West

    In our day the mere mention of imperialism is enough to provoke paroxysms of moral outrage. Except in derision, no one any longer dares to speak of the white man's burden, and few possess the courage to say that it was Europeans who created the greatest civilization yet known to man.

    Read More
  • July 1986

    The Re-Possessed

    Among other, more profound things, Dostoevski's anti-revolutionary novel, The Possessed, is a withering dissection of liberal intellectuals. In its pages, liberals parade as hostile and irresponsible critics of a society that affords most of them a life of comfort and status.

    Read More
  • Guns, Butter, and Guilt
    February 1986

    Guns, Butter, and Guilt

    It is 40 years now since the Allies claimed victory over Germany and survivors on both sides made the first groping attempts to uncover the meaning of Nazism. Yet despite the availability of almost inexhaustible sources and the persistence of armies-of scholars, the effort to locate the Third Reich in the history of Western civilization has not produced results that are altogether satisfying.

    Read More
  • June 1985

    In Focus

    Light From the East, Moll and Mouse

    Read More
  • Ideologues in Search of a Faith
    October 1984

    Ideologues in Search of a Faith

    Western intellectuals have projected their personal sense of loss and their discontent onto the societies of which they are members.

    Read More
  • The Victory of Unvanquished Losers
    April 1984

    The Victory of Unvanquished Losers

    History has not been kind to the radical left, not because modern revolutions have invariably failed, but because they have frequently succeeded. So deplorable has been the record of revolutions in power that those who continue to proclaim the necessity of total political social solutions find themselves in the unenviable position of having to persuade the skeptical that the next "liberation" will not result in thought control, concentration camps, and mass murder.

    Read More
  • December 1983

    Self-Indulgence Made Simple

    This starry-eyed reappraisal of two unhappy decades in our nation's history serves as a sobering reminder that "the revolt of the masses" is far from over.

    Read More
  • Of Communists and Marxists
    January 1983

    Of Communists and Marxists

    Maurice Isserman: Which Side Were You On? The American Communist Party During the Second World War; Wesleyan University Press; Mid­dletown, CT. William Barrett: The Truants: Adventures Among the Intellectuals; Anchor Press/Doubleday; New York.

    Read More
Results: 15 Articles found.