Vital Signs March 2001 Hillbilly Deluxe By Clark Stooksbury "Hillbilly." The earliest recorded use of the word is from the New York Journal of April 23, 1900. As you might guess from that publication's city of origin, the term was not intended as a compliment. To read the full article, please sign in or create a free account to view Chronicles content for 30 days. Clark Stooksbury Clark Stooksbury writes from Knoxville, Tennessee.